The Engineering and Construction industry encompasses companies involved in the planning, designing, building, and maintenance of infrastructure projects and facilities across various sectors, including residential, commercial, industrial, and public works. Key segments include civil engineering, architectural services, heavy construction, and specialty trade contractors. The industry’s growth is driven by factors such as urbanization, population growth, infrastructure development, and government investments. Companies operating in this sector range from large multinational firms to smaller specialized businesses, focusing on delivering projects on time, within budget, and in compliance with safety and environmental regulations. The industry is characterized by intense competition, cyclical demand, and a strong reliance on skilled labor and efficient project management.