Abstraction is a problem-solving technique that involves looking at a problem in general, rather than specific, terms. It involves using strategies such as going back to first principles or using analogies to model a problem. The goal of abstraction is to remove details so that the core problem can be identified and solved. Overall, abstraction is an important tool in problem solving because it allows you to focus on the essential aspects of a problem, rather than getting bogged down in details. By using abstraction, you can often find a solution more quickly and easily than if you tried to tackle the entire problem at once.
Some examples of abstraction in problem solving include:
- Breaking down a complex problem into smaller, more manageable parts. This allows you to focus on solving each part separately, rather than being overwhelmed by the complexity of the entire problem.
- Identifying patterns or trends in a problem. By looking for common elements or underlying principles, you can often find a solution more easily than by examining the problem in its entirety.
- Using simplifying assumptions to make a problem more tractable. This involves making assumptions about certain aspects of the problem that are not essential to the solution, in order to focus on the key elements of the problem.