Types of Revolution

Types of Revolution

Types of Revolution Jonathan Poland

A revolution is a sudden and significant change to the structure and foundations of a society, often involving conflict and upheaval. These changes can be political, social, cultural, or economic in nature, and can have far-reaching consequences for the people and institutions affected by them. Revolutions are typically marked by intense and often violent struggles, as different groups within a society seek to reshape it according to their own vision and interests. Despite the challenges and challenges that revolutions can pose, they can also lead to positive transformations and improvements in a society over time.


Revolutions that gain independence from a foreign imperialist power. Historically, there have been hundreds of such conflicts. The large number of independence movements in the period around WWI and WWII are largely credited with collapsing major empires such as the British Empire. The following are a few examples of revolutions that can be classified as independence movements.

Time Period
Imperialist Power
Revolution Summary

1568 – 1648
Spanish Empire
Eighty Years War (Independence of the Netherlands from Spain)

1775 – 1783
British Crown
American Revolution

1822 – 1824
Portuguese Empire
Brazilian War of Independence

1919 – 1921
United Kingdom
Irish War of Independence

1940 – 1944
Nazi Germany
French Resistance

1945 – 1949
Dutch Empire
Indonesian National Revolution

1946 – 1954
French Colonial Empire
First Indochina War (Independence of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from France)

Civil War

A civil war often result from domestic independence movements or political revolutions that are popularly resisted. These are tragic events whereby civility breaks down to such an extent that war erupts amongst people who used to be neighbors, coworkers, friends and family. For example:

1861 – 1865
American Civil War (United States)
Abolition of Slavery

1868 – 1869
Boshin War (Japan)
Westernization of Japan

1899 – 1901
Boxer Rebellion (China)
Revolution against foreign imperialist influence in China

1927 – 1949
Chinese Civil War

1950 – 1953
Korean War

1955 – 1975
Vietnam War

Power Struggle

A revolution that replaces one leadership structure with another without any remarkable changes to the political system. Thousands of these have occurred historically whereby one autocrat overthrows another. This can occur as a popular revolution or as a coup d’état that represents a seizure of power by a political faction often using military force. Globally, there were 457 coup attempts from 1950 to 2010 with 227 of these being successful in grabbing power. There is nothing in the definition of revolution that requires popular participation such that a coup d’état is a type of revolution.

Political Revolution

A revolution that seeks to completely replace a socioeconomic system.

1789 – 1799
French Revolution
Constitutional monarchy that included many of the principles that now underlie modern liberal democracies.

Russian Revolution

Young Turk Revolution (Ottoman Empire)
Restoration of multi-party politics and constitution

April Revolution (South Korea)
Democracy (overthrow of an autocratic regime)

Learn More
Market Entry Strategy Jonathan Poland

Market Entry Strategy

A market entry strategy is a plan for introducing products and services to a new market. This can provide an…

Risk Prevention Jonathan Poland

Risk Prevention

Risk prevention is the process of identifying, assessing, and mitigating potential risks that may arise in a given situation. It…

Performance Metrics Jonathan Poland

Performance Metrics

Performance metrics, also known as key performance indicators (KPIs), are measurable values that organizations use to evaluate their progress towards…

Cyber Security Jonathan Poland

Cyber Security

Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting computing resources from unauthorized access, use, modification, misdirection, or disruption. It is a critical…

Process Automation Jonathan Poland

Process Automation

Introduction: Process automation refers to the use of information systems to automate business processes in order to improve efficiency and…

What If Analysis Jonathan Poland

What If Analysis

What-if analysis is the process of considering and evaluating hypothetical outcomes. It is a common technique used in early stage…

Competitive Advantage Jonathan Poland

Competitive Advantage

Competitive advantage refers to the unique advantages that a firm possesses over its competitors. In a highly competitive industry, firms…

Brand Status Jonathan Poland

Brand Status

Brand status refers to the social standing that is associated with a particular brand. Customers may use brands as a…

Long Tail Model Jonathan Poland

Long Tail Model

The long tail refers to a business model that allows a large number of niche products or services to be…

Content Database

Organic Growth Jonathan Poland

Organic Growth

Organic growth refers to an increase in revenue that is generated through a company’s own efforts, such as marketing, innovation,…

What is Maker Culture? Jonathan Poland

What is Maker Culture?

Maker culture refers to a collection of subcultures that are centered around the creation and customization of technology and other…

Over-positioning Jonathan Poland


Over-positioning refers to the practice of positioning a brand in a way that is too narrow or limited, potentially limiting…

Work Quality Jonathan Poland

Work Quality

Work quality refers to the value or merit of the work that is being performed by an individual, team, or…

What is FMCG? Jonathan Poland

What is FMCG?

Fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) are products that are sold quickly and at a relatively low cost. These products are…

Verizon Jonathan Poland


Verizon Communications Inc. (VZ) is a leading telecommunications company based in the United States. Verizon is one of the largest…

Puffery Jonathan Poland


Puffery refers to exaggerated or overstated claims in marketing communications. It is a legal concept that acknowledges that customers expect…

Geographic Segmentation Jonathan Poland

Geographic Segmentation

Geographic segmentation is a marketing strategy that involves dividing a target market into smaller groups based on geographical characteristics such…

External Risk Jonathan Poland

External Risk

An external risk is a type of risk that is outside of your control and cannot be influenced or managed…